Denuvo

From PCGamingWiki, the wiki about fixing PC games
Denuvo
Denuvo logo.svg
Website
Parent company
Founded

Denuvo Software Solutions GmbH is an Austrian company formed through the management buyout of Sony DADC DigitalWorks, the creators of SecuROM. After the management buyout Denuvo Software Solutions and Sony DADC continued to have a close working relationship with the latter acting as a reselling partner of the former. Some games making use of the Denuvo Anti-Tamper product will therefore include mentions of this relationship in their EULAs, and refer to the product as one by Sony DADC or similar.[1] In early 2018, Denuvo Software Solutions was acquired by Irdeto.

Denuvo Anti-Cheat[edit]

Official support page

Being listed on the official website since at least January 2017, this product was in development over the next three years before it would go live in May 2020.[2]

In August 2018, Irdeto announced the Anti-Cheat technology would soon launch as a full end-to-end solution. The following year, on 20 March 2019, a launch announcement was made about the new product. According to the announcement, Denuvo Anti-Cheat combines machine learning of game agnostic process metrics with the latest hardware security features[3] offered by Intel and AMD to detect and prevent cheating. The protection supposedly operates on the binary, not the source code, and integrates directly into the product build process, and also does not interfere with debuggers, instrumentation tools, or profilers, nor does it require additional APIs or SDKs to implement. Since it uses hardware-backed security, the protection goes beyond that which is offered by simple Windows kernel-mode drivers.

On May 14, 2020 the anti-cheat product launched alongside the first update of Doom Eternal to protect its 'battlemode' multiplayer mode,[4] and was met with a negative community response[5][6][7] when it was discovered to rely on an kernel-level driver and introduced incompatibility with Proton, a compatibility tool used to allow Windows-based games to be played on Linux. Following the negative response, Denuvo responded to enquiries made by TechRaptor to explain that while they do not believe in kernel-level anti-cheat, the use of a kernel-level driver is necessary for the product to take advantage of modern hardware-backed security. On the subject of Proton, Denuvo replied to be tracking the issue immediately after launch as well as being committed to delivering a fix soon.[8]

The company also described how their approach differed from other anti-cheat technologies in that they take what they describe to be a "read only" approach where the anti-cheat protection does not actively block any cheats or applications but only detects and reports. This detection as well as data collection was further stated to not be performed at all outside of competitive multiplayer matches. Users were stated to be free to cheat, mod, and hook their games, but if done maliciously in a competitive multiplayer match they would be banned from online services.[8]

On May 20, 2020 Marty Stratton, executive producer for Doom Eternal, announced the removal of the anti-cheat component from the game, but noted that the removal was "not based on the quality of the Denuvo Anti-Cheat solution" and that their development team needed to "re-evaluate [their] approach to anti-cheat integration" to, at a minimum, "consider giving campaign-only players the ability to play without anti-cheat software installed, as well as ensure the overall timing of any anti-cheat integration better aligns with player expectations around clear initiatives – like ranked or competitive play – where demand for anti-cheat is far greater."[9]

Denuvo Anti-Tamper[edit]

Flowchart over launch procedure for Steam titles.
Flowchart over launch procedure for Steam titles.

Denuvo Anti-Tamper is the current de-facto standard for securing DRM schemes on modern titles. Since its original release back in 2014, it has been used to strengthen the DRM of over 150 titles; some with great success, others less so. At its core, it uses various obfuscation techniques, such as unique hardware-based code paths, virtualization, and more, to make tampering with the account-based DRM protection of a game (e.g. Epic Games Launcher, Microsoft Store, Origin, Steam, or Uplay) harder in an attempt to delay piracy. It is embedded in the executable of the game, and only stores licensing data (the "offline token" used to launch the game) separately on the storage drive. This licensing data is typically a couple of kilobytes in size, and is (re)created when the system environment changes enough to necessitate a new token.

A consequence of its use of unique hardware-based code paths, Denuvo Anti-Tamper requires an online connection periodically as the system environment of the operating system changes with new hardware and/or Windows updates. While everything that might invalidate the token stored on the storage drive is not fully known, this happens frequently enough for the anti-tamper protection to be described as requiring a periodic online connection every fortnight or so. This is generally not an issue or hindrance for those with an always present online connection, but can be an annoyance for people primarily using roaming data. Players gaming offline for a long period of time can also suffer if proper preparations are not made in advance to ensure the validity of the offline token. The lack of transparency on storefronts regarding this process from Denuvo Anti-Tamper is a hindrance for potential purchasers, as it means people might not be aware of its presence and periodic online requirement before purchasing a game that, after purchase, the purchaser may find unplayable when an online connection is unavailable.

Limited to five daily activations per game, which resets 24 hours after the first activation.
Capable of offline token renewal through a support page (e.g. Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain) if supported by the platform. Origin and Uplay titles do not support this as their token generation is handled within the platforms respective internal activation process where offline is not an option.

Controversy[edit]

Due to Denuvo Anti-Tamper having seen year-long successes early in its product life there was and have been quite a lot of fear, uncertainty, and doubt spread around it as a product. On top of this, the lack of transparency from Denuvo as well as the lack of proper in-depth analysis of its effect from third-parties have also contributed to the speculations and misleading reports spread around online.
Because of how Denuvo Anti-Tamper works and its functions are unknown to the average consumer, users tend to be quick to blame it for issues that is most likely caused by something else entirely.
This section strives to be more focused on specific controversies surrounding Denuvo Anti-Tamper. For general DRM controversies, please see the main DRM article.

Examples of controversies:

  • Requires an online connection at the first launch of a game, after a game update or some Windows updates, when changing specific hardware, or the built-in expiration[citation needed] (if used) has passed.
    • This happens frequently enough for the anti-tamper protection to be described as requiring a periodic online connection every fortnight or so.
    • This is generally not an issue or hindrance for those with an always present online connection, but can be an annoyance for people primarily using roaming data. Players gaming offline for a long period of time can also suffer if proper preparations are not made in advance to ensure the validity of the offline token.
    • The lack of transparency on storefronts regarding this process from Denuvo Anti-Tamper is a hindrance for potential purchasers, as it means people might not be aware of its presence and periodic online requirement before purchasing a game that, after purchase, the purchaser may find unplayable when an online connection is unavailable.
  • Can have a noticeable impact on gameplay performance.
    • Denuvo Anti-Tamper functions in a way that might impact performance, which may or may not be statistically significant or noticeable during gameplay. While the company insists[10] that they test to ensure minimal performance impact, they have yet to present their internal performance results for independent verification. Independent testing has also yet to confirm or refute their claims - seemingly entirely due to inadequate test methodology as current independent tests have produced inconsistent results and are sufficiently unreliable to be of no value.[11][12][13][14][15][16][17]
    • In some instances the anti-tamper protection checks were confirmed to be a part of performance critical functions and had a noticeable impact on gameplay performance on some systems, as in Tekken 7.[Note 1]
      • Typically fixed in updates as game developers notices the performance bug(s) and solves them by flagging the relevant functions as performance critical to prevent the use of them by the anti-tamper.
      • Individual developers may also use their own separate anti-tamper schemes in addition to Denuvo Anti-Tamper; usually with poor results, as in Monster Hunter: World.[Note 2]
    • In some instances the bypasses for the anti-tamper checks in illegitimate copies have had an additional performance impact, such as with Sonic Mania[21] and Injustice 2[22].
  • Requires a persistent online connection / adds an always online requirement to games.
    • This has been found false multiple times as the protection only has a periodic online requirement when the offline token is found invalid and needs to be recreated.
    • In the case of Sonic Mania's "always online requirement" on release date, it was discovered to be caused by a bug due to the developers' incorrect use of the Steam API, and could be fixed without ever tampering with the anti-tamper protection of the game.[23]
  • Relies on the SSE4.1 CPU instruction set, causing incompatibility with AMD Phenom 2 and earlier CPUs.
    • Based on a cursory inspection into whether players were able to play many of the latest protected games on older CPUs or not, Denuvo Anti-Tamper does not seem to showcase on its own any reliance on the SSE4.1 instruction set,[26] which suggests that the requirement is caused by something else, such as the game code itself.
    • Game developers often track down and fix the issue in the game code without removing the anti-tamper protection.[27][28][29]
    • Ubisoft stands out in that many of their modern titles require the SSE4.1 instruction set[26], even going as far as to specifying it in their minimum requirements for games.[30][31][32]
  • Server outages will prevent renewals of the offline token for new and some returning players, thereby preventing play until the outage has been solved.
    • The only players capable of continuing to play the game during an outage are those with a valid offline token on their systems already.
    • On a few occasions the service have also experienced partial service outages that only affects a few players.[33]
    • Denuvo does not have any public service status page, nor do they publish information for end users when their service experiences outages, leaving players unaware what the issue can be or when the issue is expected to be solved.
    • This occurred most noticeably for the Warner Bros. server back in December 2017, and prevented some players from playing Mad Max and Batman Arkham Knight until the issue was solved.[34][Note 3]
  • Forced incompatibility with Linux through Wine/Steam Proton, or prevents native Linux ports from being developed and released.
    • Because earlier versions of Wine did not have all the APIs needed by Denuvo Anti-Tamper implemented, the incompatibility was occasionally blamed as an intended consequence of the anti-tamper protection. Said incompatibility should have been fixed[35][36][37], and Steam Proton officially supported two protected titles on its initial release date (Tekken 7 and NieR: Automata), with other games, such as Hitman 2 also working on Proton, despite initially having Denuvo Anti-Tamper at launch.[38]
    • Sometimes issues on game start were blamed on Denuvo Anti-Tamper, even though different components are at fault[20][35][39]
    • The use of Denuvo Anti-Tamper has never prevented official Linux ports from being developed and released either, as evidenced by Hitman and Rise of the Tomb Raider which have both gotten native Linux and/or macOS ports before the protection was removed from the Windows version.

Technical information[edit]

A flowchart of the procedure can be found further up the page.

Based on data gathered from protected titles on Steam, Epic Games Launcher, and the Microsoft Store[Note 4] by monitoring external operations performed by the anti-tamper component through the use of Process Monitor, Fiddler, and in some instances also Wireshark, they all follow the same general procedure and makes use of the same servers and APIs in their online communication. A basic overview in how the anti-tamper components interacts with the system is quite minimal:

  1. At the launch of a game a validation of the offline token is performed.
  2. If the offline token is invalid or missing, an appropriate request code is generated based on the system environment and sent to an online server.
  3. The online server responds with a corresponding response code.
  4. The local anti-tamper component uses the response code to write a new valid offline token to the local storage drive.
  5. The game continues to launch along with the now valid offline token.
  6. On subsequent launches the anti-tamper protection will automatically load and make use of the offline token stored on the storage drive, up until said token is made invalid again.

If the online connection fails the user will get a manual "offline" activation option where they can make use of a secondary online connected device to retrieve the corresponding response code, an option not available for either Origin, Uplay, or possibly other supported platforms either. The availability of this second option means a local token generator is theoretically possible for a fully offline procedure, as was confirmed in 2017 with the release of an unofficial offline token generator for Dishonored 2.[40]

Beyond the mentioned online connection above, as well as the drive read, and drive write if the offline token is invalid, no other online connection nor drive reads/writes are performed during play.

Offline token locations[edit]

Platform Location[Note 5]
Bethesda.net %LOCALAPPDATA%\Bethesda.net Launcher\tokens\########[Note 6]
Epic Games Store %LOCALAPPDATA%\EpicGamesLauncher\########[Note 6]
Microsoft Store %LOCALAPPDATA%\Packages\<package-folder>\LocalState\dbdata
%LOCALAPPDATA%\Packages\<package-folder>\LocalCache\Local\Denuvo\########
Oculus Store %LOCALAPPDATA%\dbdata\<unique-16-digits-long-app-id>\########
Steam <Steam-folder>\userdata\<user-id>\<steam-appid>\dbdata
<Steam-folder>\userdata\<user-id>\<steam-appid>\########
Older versions of Denuvo-Anti-Tamper stored the offline token in a file called dbdata; newer make use of a file with numbers as the filename. Neither make use of a file extension.
Digit-based-filenames differ between versions of the game, so it is normal to have more than one of those files present. Only the latest modified file is actively being used;[Note 7] the older ones are inert and can be safely removed.

Servers/APIs[edit]

All servers seems to be hosted on Amazon Web Services (AWS) datacenter EU West 1, Ireland.
Domain Description
support.codefusion.technology Responsible for the generic support pages and manual activation pages for the anti-tamper protection as well as Redeem.exe.
srv01.codefusion.technology
srv02.codefusion.technology
srv03.codefusion.technology
These domains are the primary ones used to retrieve a valid token in Steam, Epic Games Store, and Microsoft Store-based games. If srv01 does not respond with a proper response code, srv02 is used instead. If srv02 also fails, srv03 is used instead. If all three fails, the user receives instructions on how to perform a manual "offline" activation using the relevant support.codefusion.technology page.

Advanced: Load-balanced between two AWS instances using round-robin DNS.
srv00.codefusion.technology Unknown usage. Possibly a test server of sorts as it is capable of generating valid response codes for at least Steam-based games, possibly other platforms as well.
srv04.codefusion.technology
srv05.codefusion.technology
These two domains are also registered, but their use is currently unknown to this article.

Advanced: Points to the same two aforementioned AWS instances.

Request/Response API

The request/response data is structured using XML and encoded in Base64.
Advanced: The web API expects Content-Type: text/plain to be used in the request headers.

The online component relies solely on standardized HTTPS communications and a simple web API, and fully respects and makes use of system-wide proxy configuration and internet settings. Basically the client (the game executable) sends the locally generated request code in the body of a HTTP request message to the online server using the POST method, and receives the appropriate response code back in the body of the response message. This single exchange (one sent request, one received response) is all that is needed for the anti-tamper component of the game executable to generate the appropriate offline token for the system.

Target URI Description
https://srv01.codefusion.technology/
https://srv02.codefusion.technology/
https://srv03.codefusion.technology/
Used for the automatic activation process.
https://support.codefusion.technology/validate/ Used for the manual activation process.
https://srv00.codefusion.technology/ Unknown usage. Possibly a test server of sorts as it is capable of generating valid response codes for at least Steam-based games, possibly other platforms as well.

Servers/APIs for Bethesda.net titles[edit]

All servers seems to be hosted on Amazon Web Services (AWS) datacenters.
Domain / Website Description
api.bethesda.net Only domain used by the protection in Bethesda.net-based titles based on investigating Wolfenstein: Youngblood.
support.codefusion.technology Responsible for the generic support pages and manual activation pages if api.bethesda.net fails to respond properly.

Request/Response API

Behaves the same as defined in the Technical information section above, just with different target URIs.
The generic servers for other platforms (such as Steam and Microsoft Store) can be used to generate valid offline tokens if Bethesda's custom server would ever go down.
Advanced: The web API expects Content-Type: text/plain and Accept: */* to be used in the request header.
Target URI Description
https://api.bethesda.net/denuvo/api/v2/gametoken Used for the automatic activation process.
https://support.codefusion.technology/validate/10/ Used for the manual activation process.

Servers/APIs for Warner Bros. titles[edit]

Currently only known to be used for Mad Max and Batman Arkham Knight.
All servers seems to be hosted on Amazon Web Services (AWS) datacenter US East 1, Virginia.
Domain / Website Description
revalidate.wbgames.com Only domain used by the protection in the Steam-based copies of Mad Max and Batman Arkham Knight.

Advanced: Load-balanced between two AWS instances using round-robin DNS.
https://revalidate.wbgames.com/madmax/ Support page for Mad Max.
https://revalidate.wbgames.com/bak/ Support page for Batman Arkham Knight.
https://support.codefusion.technology/madmax/ Secondary support page for Mad Max, hosted on the generic Steam-based server.
https://support.codefusion.technology/bak/ Secondary support page for Batman Arkham Knight, hosted on the generic Steam-based server.

Request/Response API

Behaves the same as defined in the Technical information section above, just with different target URIs.
The generic servers listed above can be used to generate valid offline tokens if Warner Bros. custom server would ever go down.
Target URI Description
https://revalidate.wbgames.com/ Used for the automatic activation process of these two titles.
https://revalidate.wbgames.com/validate/ Used for the manual activation process of these two titles.

Redeem.exe[edit]

Official support page
Adds a requirement of having an optical disc drive available when purchasing physical copies of games to obtain the Steam key.
Also known as GIP or GIP Client.

This is a DRM scheme employed on the retail discs of some games (e.g. Deus Ex: Mankind Divided, NieR: Automata) in some regions and is used to authenticate the physical disc as well as a one-time serial key located on a leaflet in the disc case. After the authentication of both, a Steam activation key for the game is redeemed from an online database and granted to the user in the application window, which can then be used in the Steam client to unlock a copy of the game.

Issues fixed[edit]

Currently your game purchase cannot be re-validated successfully[edit]

Full error message: Currently your game purchase cannot be re-validated successfully, please wait 24 hours and try again.
Wait 24 hours before trying to launch the game again[33]
This error message is given when the daily limit of five activations is reached for the user for the particular game, at which point no new activations will be granted until 24 hours has passed.
If this issue persists the system might be in a state of flux and require constant renewals of the offline token of Denuvo Anti-Tamper. Ensure that the system have been restarted recently and verify that the operating system and drivers are up-to-date, and no installations or updates are pending.

Cannot start Redeem.exe on retail discs[edit]

Please see the game-specific articles for available workarounds for various issues affecting Redeem.exe, such as for Deus Ex: Mankind Divided.
If no workaround is available, the official support page can be used instead to make a manual redemption.

Refresh the offline token[edit]

Requires an online connection.
This procedure results in the offline token being refreshed and generated anew.
While forcing a refresh manually typically is not needed, it can be useful in troubleshooting purposes or as preparation before going offline for an extended period of time.
The procedure is confirmed working for Steam titles,[42] it may work on Epic Games Launcher and Microsoft Store titles as well.
Refresh the offline token[43]
  1. Ensure that the system has been restarted recently and verify that the operating system and drivers are up-to-date, and no installations or updates are pending.
  2. Navigate to the offline token location and locate the file of the current token.
    • For a Steam game, use SteamDB to retrieve the app ID when unsure about its location.
    • If there are multiple applicable files, locate the active file by checking the modified timestamp to find the latest/newest file.
  3. Move the file to another location, such as a temporary subfolder, so the file is available if it would need to be restored in case of an issue.
  4. Launch the game as usual. The game should connect online, retrieve a new offline token, and store it in the location with the same name as the old one.
    • If an issue occurs, simply move/delete the new offline token and restore the previous one from where you temporarily moved it.
  5. The previous offline token can now be safely removed.

List of games using Denuvo Anti-Tamper[edit]

This list was last refreshed on October 24, 2020. Purge the page to refresh it.
This list is auto-populated. To add a game, update the game-specific article with {{DRM|Denuvo Anti-Tamper}} where appropriate, e.g. in the Notes field of the availability row for the Steam release.
Denuvo Anti-Tamper is only available on Windows, so native ports of other operating systems does not make use of it.
Total number of games: 151
Game Series Developer Publisher Released OS
A Total War Saga: Troy Total War Creative Assembly Sega 13 August 2020
Windows
macOS (OS X)
A Way Out Hazelight Studios Electronic Arts 23 March 2018
Windows
Abzû Giant Squid Studios 505 Games 2 August 2016
Windows
Ace Combat 7: Skies Unknown Ace Combat Project Aces Bandai Namco Entertainment 31 January 2019
Windows
Anno 1800 Anno Ubisoft Blue Byte Ubisoft 16 April 2019
Windows
Anno 2205 Anno Ubisoft Blue Byte Ubisoft 3 November 2015
Windows
Assassin's Creed Odyssey Assassin's Creed Ubisoft Quebec Ubisoft 5 October 2018
Windows
Assassin's Creed Origins Assassin's Creed Ubisoft Montreal Ubisoft 27 October 2017
Windows
Balan Wonderworld Arzest Square Enix 26 March 2021
Windows
Batman: Arkham Knight Batman: Arkham Rocksteady Studios Warner Bros. Interactive Entertainment 23 June 2015
Windows
Battlefield 1 Battlefield DICE Electronic Arts 21 October 2016
Windows
Battlefield Hardline Battlefield Visceral Games Electronic Arts 17 March 2015
Windows
Battlefield V Battlefield DICE Electronic Arts 20 November 2018
Windows
Battlezone (2017) Battlezone Rebellion Developments 11 May 2017
Windows
Borderlands 3 Borderlands Gearbox Software 2K Games 13 September 2019
Windows
macOS (OS X)
Burnout Paradise Remastered Burnout Criterion Games Electronic Arts 21 August 2018
Windows
Champions of Anteria Blue Byte Software Ubisoft 30 August 2016
Windows
Code Vein Bandai Namco Entertainment Bandai Namco Entertainment 27 September 2019
Windows
Crysis Remastered Crysis Crytek Crytek 18 September 2020
Windows
Dead Rising 4 Dead Rising Capcom Vancouver Xbox Game Studios 6 December 2016
Windows
Death Stranding Kojima Productions 505 Games 14 July 2020
Windows
Deus Ex: Mankind Divided Deus Ex Eidos Montreal Square Enix 23 August 2016
Windows
macOS (OS X)
Linux
Discovery Tour by Assassin's Creed: Ancient Egypt Assassin's Creed Ubisoft Montreal Ubisoft 20 February 2018
Windows
Doom Eternal Doom Id Software Bethesda Softworks 20 March 2020
Windows
Dragon Age: Inquisition Dragon Age BioWare Electronic Arts 18 November 2014
Windows
Dragon Ball FighterZ Dragon Ball Arc System Works Bandai Namco Entertainment 26 January 2018
Windows
Dragon Front High Voltage Software 15 November 2016
Windows
Dragon Quest Heroes II Dragon Quest Koei Tecmo Square Enix 25 April 2017
Windows
Dragon Quest XI Dragon Quest Square Enix 4 September 2018
Windows
Dragon Quest XI S - Definitive Edition Dragon Quest Square Enix 4 December 2020
Windows
EVE: Gunjack EVE CCP Games 28 March 2016
Windows
Eagle Flight Ubisoft Montreal Ubisoft 18 October 2016
Windows
Edge of Nowhere Insomniac Games Insomniac Games 6 June 2016
Windows
F1 2016 Formula 1 Codemasters Birmingham Codemasters 19 August 2016
Windows
macOS (OS X)
F1 2017 Formula 1 Codemasters Birmingham Codemasters 25 August 2017
Windows
macOS (OS X)
Linux
F1 2018 Formula 1 Codemasters Birmingham Codemasters 24 August 2018
Windows
F1 2019 Formula 1 Codemasters Birmingham Codemasters 28 June 2019
Windows
F1 2020 Formula 1 Codemasters Birmingham Codemasters 10 July 2020
Windows
FIFA 14 FIFA EA Vancouver EA Sports 27 September 2013
Windows
FIFA 15 FIFA EA Vancouver EA Sports 23 September 2014
Windows
FIFA 16 FIFA EA Vancouver EA Sports 22 September 2015
Windows
FIFA 17 FIFA EA Vancouver EA Sports 29 September 2016
Windows
FIFA 18 FIFA EA Vancouver EA Sports 29 September 2017
Windows
FIFA 19 FIFA EA Vancouver EA Sports 28 September 2018
Windows
Far Cry 5 Far Cry Ubisoft Montreal Ubisoft 27 March 2018
Windows
Far Cry New Dawn Far Cry Ubisoft Montreal Ubisoft 15 February 2019
Windows
Far Cry Primal Far Cry Ubisoft Montreal Ubisoft 1 March 2016
Windows
Fe Zoink Electronic Arts 16 February 2018
Windows
Fernbus Simulator TML-Studios Aerosoft 25 August 2016
Windows
Final Fantasy XV Final Fantasy Square Enix Square Enix 6 March 2018
Windows
Football Manager 2017 Football Manager Sports Interactive Sega 4 November 2016
Windows
macOS (OS X)
Linux
Football Manager 2018 Football Manager Sports Interactive Sega 10 November 2017
Windows
macOS (OS X)
Linux
Football Manager 2019 Football Manager Sports Interactive Sega 2 November 2018
Windows
macOS (OS X)
Football Manager 2020 Football Manager Sports Interactive Sega 19 November 2019
Windows
macOS (OS X)
Football Manager 2020 Touch Football Manager Touch Sports Interactive Sega 19 November 2019
Windows
macOS (OS X)
Football Manager Touch 2017 Football Manager Touch Sports Interactive Sega 4 November 2016
Windows
macOS (OS X)
Linux
Football Manager Touch 2019 Football Manager Touch Sports Interactive Sega 2 November 2018
Windows
macOS (OS X)
For Honor Ubisoft Montreal Ubisoft 14 February 2017
Windows
God Eater 2: Rage Burst God Eater Shift Bandai Namco Entertainment 30 August 2016
Windows
God Eater: Resurrection God Eater Shift Bandai Namco Entertainment 30 August 2016
Windows
Handball 17 IHF Handball Challenge Eko Software Bigben Interactive 4 November 2016
Windows
Hunting Simulator Hunting Simulator Neopica Bigben Interactive 9 June 2017
Windows
Injustice 2 Injustice NetherRealm Studios Warner Bros. Interactive Entertainment 14 November 2017
Windows
Jurassic World Evolution Jurassic Park Frontier Developments 12 June 2018
Windows
Just Cause 3 Just Cause Avalanche Studios Square Enix 1 December 2015
Windows
Just Cause 4 Just Cause Avalanche Studios Square Enix 4 December 2018
Windows
Just Dance 2017 Just Dance Ubisoft Paris Ubisoft 27 October 2016
Windows
Left Alive Front Mission ILINX Square Enix 5 March 2019
Windows
Life Is Strange 2 Life Is Strange Dontnod Entertainment Square Enix 26 September 2018
Windows
macOS (OS X)
Linux
Lords of the Fallen Lords of the Fallen CI Games CI Games 28 October 2014
Windows
Mad Max Avalanche Studios Warner Bros. Interactive Entertainment 1 September 2015
Windows
macOS (OS X)
Linux
Madden NFL 19 Madden NFL EA Tiburon EA Sports 10 August 2018
Windows
Madden NFL 20 Madden NFL EA Tiburon Electronic Arts 2 August 2019
Windows
Mafia: Definitive Edition Mafia Hangar 13 2K Games 25 September 2020
Windows
Maneater Tripwire Interactive 22 May 2020
Windows
Marvel's Avengers Marvel Crystal Dynamics Square Enix 4 September 2020
Windows
Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain Metal Gear Kojima Productions Konami 1 September 2015
Windows
Middle-earth: Shadow of War Middle-earth: Shadow Monolith Productions Warner Bros. Interactive Entertainment 10 October 2017
Windows
Might & Magic Heroes VII Heroes of Might and Magic Limbic Entertainment Ubisoft 29 September 2015
Windows
Mirror's Edge Catalyst Mirror's Edge DICE Electronic Arts 7 June 2016
Windows
Monster Hunter: World Monster Hunter Capcom 9 August 2018
Windows
Mortal Kombat 11 Mortal Kombat NetherRealm Studios Warner Bros. Interactive Entertainment 23 April 2019
Windows
Naruto to Boruto: Shinobi Striker Naruto Soleil Bandai Namco Entertainment 31 August 2018
Windows
Need for Speed (2016) Need for Speed Ghost Games Electronic Arts 15 March 2016
Windows
Need for Speed Heat Need for Speed Ghost Games Electronic Arts 8 November 2019
Windows
Need for Speed Payback Need for Speed Lucid Games Electronic Arts 10 November 2017
Windows
New Gundam Breaker Gundam Crafts & Meister Bandai Namco Entertainment 24 September 2018
Windows
NieR Replicant NieR Cavia Square Enix 23 April 2021
Windows
NieR: Automata NieR PlatinumGames Square Enix 17 March 2017
Windows
Outriders People Can Fly Square Enix 2 February 2021
Windows
Overturn Overturn STUDIO HG YJM GAMES 17 October 2017
Windows
Persona 4 Golden Persona Atlus Sega 13 June 2020
Windows
Planet Coaster Frontier Developments 17 November 2016
Windows
Planet Zoo Frontier Developments 5 November 2019
Windows
Plants vs. Zombies: Garden Warfare 2 Plants vs. Zombies PopCap Games Electronic Arts 23 February 2016
Windows
Police Simulator: Patrol Duty Bigmoon Entertainment Astragon Entertainment 18 June 2019
Windows
Pro Evolution Soccer 2017 Pro Evolution Soccer PES Productions Konami 15 September 2016
Windows
Pro Evolution Soccer 2018 Pro Evolution Soccer PES Productions Konami 13 September 2017
Windows
Pro Evolution Soccer 2019 Pro Evolution Soccer PES Productions Konami 30 August 2018
Windows
Puyo Puyo Tetris Puyo Puyo, Tetris Sonic Team Sega 27 February 2018
Windows
Rise of the Tomb Raider Tomb Raider Crystal Dynamics Square Enix 28 January 2016
Windows
macOS (OS X)
Linux
Robinson: The Journey Crytek 7 February 2017
Windows
Rocksmith 2014 Rocksmith Ubisoft San Francisco Ubisoft 22 October 2013
Windows
macOS (OS X)
Sea of Solitude Jo-Mei Games Electronic Arts 5 July 2019
Windows
Shadow of the Tomb Raider Tomb Raider Eidos Montreal Square Enix 14 September 2018
Windows
macOS (OS X)
Linux
Sherlock Holmes: The Devil's Daughter Sherlock Holmes Frogwares Bigben Interactive 10 June 2016
Windows
Shining Resonance Refrain Shining Media.Vision Sega 10 July 2018
Windows
Sniper Elite 4 Sniper Elite Rebellion Developments 14 February 2017
Windows
Sonic Forces Sonic the Hedgehog Sonic Team Sega 7 November 2017
Windows
Soulcalibur VI Project Soul Bandai Namco Entertainment 19 October 2018
Windows
South Park: The Fractured But Whole South Park Ubisoft San Francisco Ubisoft 17 October 2017
Windows
Star Ocean: The Last Hope Tri-Ace Square Enix 28 November 2017
Windows
Star Wars Battlefront (2015) Star Wars: Battlefront DICE Electronic Arts 17 November 2015
Windows
Star Wars Battlefront II (2017) Star Wars: Battlefront Motive Studios Electronic Arts 17 November 2017
Windows
Star Wars Jedi: Fallen Order Star Wars Respawn Entertainment Electronic Arts 15 November 2019
Windows
Star Wars: Squadrons Star Wars Motive Studios Electronic Arts 2 October 2020
Windows
Starlink: Battle for Atlas Ubisoft Toronto Ubisoft 30 April 2019
Windows
Strange Brigade Rebellion Developments 28 August 2018
Windows
Sword Art Online: Fatal Bullet Sword Art Online Dimps Bandai Namco Entertainment 23 February 2018
Windows
Tales of Berseria Tales Bandai Namco Entertainment 26 January 2017
Windows
Team Sonic Racing Sonic Racing Sumo Digital Sega 21 May 2019
Windows
Tekken 7 Tekken Bandai Namco Entertainment 2 June 2017
Windows
The Awesome Adventures of Captain Spirit Life Is Strange Dontnod Entertainment Square Enix 25 June 2018
Windows
The Climb Crytek 28 April 2016
Windows
The Quiet Man Human Head Studios Square Enix 1 November 2018
Windows
Tom Clancy's Ghost Recon Breakpoint Tom Clancy's Ghost Recon Ubisoft Paris Ubisoft 4 October 2019
Windows
Tom Clancy's Ghost Recon Wildlands Tom Clancy's Ghost Recon Ubisoft Paris Ubisoft 7 March 2017
Windows
Tony Hawk's Pro Skater 1 + 2 Tony Hawk's Vicarious Visions Activision 4 September 2020
Windows
Total War Saga: Thrones of Britannia Total War Creative Assembly Sega 3 May 2018
Windows
macOS (OS X)
Linux
Total War: Three Kingdoms Total War Creative Assembly Sega 23 May 2019
Windows
macOS (OS X)
Linux
Total War: Warhammer Warhammer, Total War Creative Assembly Sega 24 May 2016
Windows
macOS (OS X)
Linux
Total War: Warhammer II Warhammer, Total War Creative Assembly Sega 28 September 2017
Windows
macOS (OS X)
Linux
Tourist Bus Simulator TML-Studios Aerosoft 6 December 2018
Windows
Train Sim World Dovetail Games 16 March 2017
Windows
Trials Rising Trials Ubisoft Ukraine Ubisoft 26 February 2019
Windows
Unravel Unravel Coldwood Interactive Electronic Arts 9 February 2016
Windows
Unravel Two Unravel Coldwood Interactive Electronic Arts 9 June 2018
Windows
Valkyria Chronicles 4 Valkyria Chronicles Sega Sega 25 September 2018
Windows
WRC 6: FIA World Rally Championship WRC Kylotonn Nacon 7 October 2016
Windows
WRC 7: FIA World Rally Championship WRC Kylotonn Bigben Interactive 15 September 2017
Windows
Warhammer 40,000: Dawn of War III Warhammer 40,000: Dawn of War Relic Entertainment Sega 27 April 2017
Windows
macOS (OS X)
Linux
Watch Dogs 2 Watch Dogs Ubisoft Montreal Ubisoft 29 November 2016
Windows
White Day: A Labyrinth Named School ROIGAMES PQube Limited 22 August 2017
Windows
Wolfenstein: Youngblood Wolfenstein MachineGames Bethesda Softworks 25 July 2019
Windows
Yakuza: Like a Dragon Yakuza Ryu Ga Gotoku Studio Sega 10 November 2020
Windows
Yesterday Origins Yesterday Péndulo Studios Microïds 10 November 2016
Windows
macOS (OS X)
Zombie Army 4: Dead War Sniper Elite: Nazi Zombie Army Rebellion Developments 4 February 2020
Windows
Zone of the Enders: The 2nd Runner MARS Kojima Productions Konami 4 September 2018
Windows
eFootball PES 2020 Pro Evolution Soccer PES Productions Konami 10 September 2019
Windows
eFootball PES 2021 Pro Evolution Soccer PES Productions Konami 15 September 2020
Windows

List of games formerly using Denuvo Anti-Tamper[edit]

This list was last refreshed on October 24, 2020. Purge the page to refresh it.
This list is auto-populated. To add a game, update the game-specific article and replace {{DRM|Denuvo Anti-Tamper}} with {{Removed DRM|Denuvo Anti-Tamper}} where appropriate. Do not use on availability rows where Denuvo has never been present (e.g. on GOG.com releases).
Total number of games: 46
Game Series Developer Publisher Released OS
2Dark Gloomywood Bigben Interactive 17 March 2017
Windows
Agents of Mayhem Saints Row Deep Silver Volition Deep Silver 15 August 2017
Windows
Bulletstorm: Full Clip Edition Bulletstorm People Can Fly Gearbox Publishing 7 April 2017
Windows
Bus Simulator 18 Bus Simulator Stillalive studios Astragon Entertainment 13 June 2018
Windows
Conan Exiles Conan the Barbarian Funcom 8 May 2018
Windows
Conan Unconquered Conan the Barbarian Petroglyph Games Funcom 29 May 2019
Windows
Constructor HD Constructor System 3 26 May 2017
Windows
Devil May Cry 5 Devil May Cry Capcom 8 March 2019
Windows
Dishonored 2 Dishonored Arkane Studios Bethesda Softworks 11 November 2016
Windows
Dishonored: Death of the Outsider Dishonored Arkane Studios Bethesda Softworks 15 September 2017
Windows
Doom (2016) Doom Id Software Bethesda Softworks 13 May 2016
Windows
Dragon Quest Builders 2 Dragon Quest Square Enix Square Enix 10 December 2019
Windows
Final Fantasy XII: The Zodiac Age Final Fantasy Square Enix Square Enix 1 February 2018
Windows
Halo Wars 2 Halo Creative Assembly Xbox Game Studios 21 February 2017
Windows
Hitman Hitman IO Interactive Square Enix 11 March 2016
Windows
macOS (OS X)
Linux
Hitman 2 Hitman IO Interactive Warner Bros. Interactive Entertainment 13 November 2018
Windows
Homefront: The Revolution Homefront Crytek UK Deep Silver 17 May 2016
Windows
Inside Playdead 7 July 2016
Windows
Life Is Strange: Before the Storm Life Is Strange Deck Nine Square Enix 31 August 2017
Windows
macOS (OS X)
Linux
Lone Echo Lone Echo Ready At Dawn Oculus Studios 20 July 2017
Windows
Marvel vs. Capcom: Infinite Marvel vs. Capcom Capcom 19 September 2017
Windows
Mass Effect: Andromeda Mass Effect BioWare Electronic Arts 21 March 2017
Windows
Mega Man 11 Mega Man Capcom 2 October 2018
Windows
Metro Exodus Metro 4A Games Deep Silver 15 February 2019
Windows
Moons of Madness Rock Pocket Games Funcom 22 October 2019
Windows
Moto Racer 4 Moto Racer Artefacts Studios Microïds 3 November 2016
Windows
macOS (OS X)
Mutant Year Zero: Road to Eden The Bearded Ladies Funcom 4 December 2018
Windows
Octopath Traveler Square Enix Square Enix 7 June 2019
Windows
Prey (2017) Prey Arkane Studios Bethesda Softworks 5 May 2017
Windows
Prey: Typhon Hunter Prey Arkane Studios Bethesda Softworks 11 December 2018
Windows
RAGE 2 RAGE Avalanche Studios Bethesda Softworks 14 May 2019
Windows
Resident Evil 2 (2019) Resident Evil Capcom 25 January 2019
Windows
Resident Evil 3 (2020) Resident Evil Capcom 3 April 2020
Windows
Resident Evil 7: Biohazard Resident Evil Capcom Capcom 24 January 2017
Windows
Resident Evil Resistance Resident Evil NeoBards Capcom 3 April 2020
Windows
Rime Tequila Works Grey Box 26 May 2017
Windows
Rock Band VR Harmonix Music Systems Oculus Studios 23 March 2017
Windows
Sniper: Ghost Warrior 3 Sniper: Ghost Warrior CI Games 25 April 2017
Windows
Sonic Mania Sonic the Hedgehog Christian Whitehead Sega 29 August 2017
Windows
Syberia 3 Syberia Microïds Microïds 20 April 2017
Windows
macOS (OS X)
The Surge 2 The Surge Deck13 Interactive Focus Home Interactive 24 September 2019
Windows
Titanfall 2 Titanfall Respawn Entertainment Electronic Arts 28 October 2016
Windows
TransRoad: USA Deck13 Hamburg Astragon Entertainment 9 November 2017
Windows
macOS (OS X)
Trials of Mana Mana Xeen Square Enix 24 April 2020
Windows
Two Point Hospital Two Point Studios Sega 30 August 2018
Windows
macOS (OS X)
Linux
Yakuza 0 Yakuza Ryu Ga Gotoku Studio Sega 1 August 2018
Windows

Notes

  1. Functions in Tekken 7 related to some abilities of certain characters were wrapped in the anti-tamper protection and impacted gameplay performance when used.[18]
  2. Monster Hunter: World is constantly setting debug registers, likely in order to disrupt debuggers[19]. This is very costly CPU-time-wise and would look unlike all the other work of Denuvo Anti-Tamper.[20]
  3. DSOGaming's source for the server outage also affecting Middle-earth: Shadow of War is a patch note about fixing an issue with the game that resulted in Windows Defender blocking access to save files, which resulted in a crash on launch. That game does not rely on revalidate.wbgames.com, which is the online server that Denuvo Anti-Tamper in Mad Max and Batman Arkham Knight relies upon, and was most likely the server experiencing an outage back in December, 2017.
  4. While newer Microsoft Store titles make use of the same offline activation window Steam and Epic Games Launcher titles use, Rise of the Tomb Raider on the Microsoft Store make use of a variant where a local HTML page is created and stored in %LocalAppData%\Packages\<package-folder>\LocalState\codefusion\index.html, and opened in the default web browser. The local webpage then connects to support.codefusion.technology, retrieves a valid response code, generates a valid offline token, and finally generates an Enable Game.bat file that creates the necessary dbdata file for the user.
  5. The table of the offline token locations is based on testing performed on various titles, including a multitude of Steam-based titles, Metro Exodus and the demo of Heavy Rain on Epic Games Launcher, and finally Rise of the Tomb Raider, Football Manager 2019, and Metro Exodus on the Microsoft Store.[41]
  6. 6.0 6.1 As both the locations for the Epic Games Store and the Bethesda.net Launcher are shared among all games on those respective platforms it is not immediately clear to the user which file correlates to which game.
  7. The latest modified file being the only actively used offline token does not apply to games on the Epic Games Launcher nor the Bethesda.net Launcher as those platforms uses shared locations for all protected titles.

References

  1. Electronic Arts - User Agreement - last accessed on 2018-12-12
    "EA utilizes certain technical or content protection measures to prevent piracy and the unauthorized copying or use of an EA PC Product. EA PC Products use Origin Online Activation and also may use Sony DADC Austria AG's Denuvo content protection technology."
  2. Irdeto Perspective - Denuvo Anti-Cheat goes LIVE! A message to DOOM Eternal fans and gamers - last accessed on 2020-05-15
  3. Irdeto - Datasheet: Anti-Cheat - last accessed on 2019-04-07
  4. Steam News - DOOM Eternal - DOOM Eternal Update 1 - last accessed on 2020-05-15
  5. Eurogamer - Doom Eternal's Update 1 out on all platforms, adds Empowered Demons and more - last accessed on 2020-05-16
  6. PCGamesN - Doom Eternal adds a kernel-mode driver for Denuvo anti-cheat - last accessed on 2020-05-16
  7. PCGamer - Doom Eternal's first update includes Denuvo Anti-Cheat - last accessed on 2020-05-16
  8. 8.0 8.1 TechRaptor - Doom Eternal's New Anti-Cheat Breaks Game For Some, and Raises Concerns - last accessed on 2020-05-16
  9. Reddit - /r/Doom - Latest Information on Update 1 & Anti-Cheat - last accessed on 2020-05-20
  10. Golem.de - 'Endlich mal Fehler einbauen!' - Denuvo: "Verdammt gute Leute versuchen, unseren Schutz zu cracken" (German) - last accessed on 2019-05-01
  11. DSOGaming - Apart from initial loading times, Denuvo does not have any performance hit in Two Point Hospital - last accessed on 2019-05-18
  12. Eurogamer - Digital Foundry - Devil May Cry 5 PC's Denuvo DRM has a CPU hit - last accessed on 2019-05-18
  13. Game Debate - Denuvo PC Performance Impact Tested - DOOM Benchmarks With and Without Denuvo DRM - last accessed on 2019-05-18
  14. OC3D - Devil May Cry 5 - Denuvo Performance Impact - last accessed on 2019-05-18
  15. Overlord Gaming - Proof games perform slower with Denuvo - last accessed on 2019-05-18
  16. PC Gamer - Tested: Denuvo DRM has no performance impact on Final Fantasy 15 - last accessed on 2019-05-18
  17. TechPowerUp - Denuvo Performance Cost & FPS Loss Tested - last accessed on 2019-05-18
  18. Twitter - Katsuhiro Harada - April 13, 2018 - last accessed on 2019-04-07
  19. Monster Hunter World (582010) · Issue #175 · ValveSoftware/Proton
  20. 20.0 20.1 Someone's using exceptions as goto statements :: Steam Community Discussions
  21. Reddit - /r/Crackwatch - /u/Voksi_RVT comment on Sonic Mania Plus' slowdowns - last accessed on 2019-04-07
  22. Imgur - Injustice.2.Legendary.Edition-CODEX NFO - last accessed on 2019-04-07
  23. Steam Discussions - Sonic Mania - Fix for "Steam user must be logged in to play this game" - last accessed on 2019-04-07
  24. DSOGaming - Denuvo: SSD Rumor Is False, No System Is Infallible, Striving To Be A Step Ahead Of Pirates - last accessed on 2017-09-01
    "Completely wrong rumor which is repeated over and over although many 3rd party tests (as well as we) state that our solution does not perform read / write operations to the HDD (hence we have no negative impact on the lifetime of SSDs or any other hardware component)."
  25. Irdeto - Video Games - Denuvo FAQ - last accessed on 2019-04-07
    "DOES DENUVO ANTI-TAMPER CONSTANTLY ENCRYPT AND DECRYPT DATA ON STORAGE MEDIA? No, Denuvo Anti-Tamper does not continuously encrypt and decrypt any data on storage media. To do so would be of no benefit in terms of security or performance."
  26. 26.0 26.1 Verified by User:Aemony on 2019-05-16
    For an updated list of currently checked games, see this Google Sheets document.
  27. Hitman Forum - Technical Support - Hitman 2 content is crashing on Phenom 2 CPUs - ioi_jonasm (Jonas Meyer) reply - last accessed on 2019-04-07
    "Hi!

    Just to clear things up it is not Denuvos fault.
    I know because its my code that is causing the crash. I’m sorry for causing you to wait - Please be rest assured that this will be fixed as soon as possible.

    -Jonas

    [...]

    Heres some more details:
    One of the things we added for Season 2 was a software rasterizer to aid in culling objects that are not visible.
    The code we based it on used a few(3!) instructions categorized under SSE4.1. Phenom only supports SSE3.

    The reason it does not crash on Season 1 & Sniper challenge is that those levels use the previous occlusion system, which means never runs the code that is incompatible with Phenom.
    "
  28. Steam Discussions - Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain - Official 1.002 patch release - last accessed on 2019-04-07
  29. Steam Discussions - Final Fantasy XV: Windows Edition - 22/03/18 - Patch Notes - last accessed on 2019-05-15
  30. Ubisoft Support - AMD processors and SSE4.X support - last accessed on 2019-05-18
  31. Ubisoft Support - System requirements for Far Cry 5 - last accessed on 2019-05-18
  32. Ubisoft Support - System requirements for Assassin's Creed Origins - last accessed on 2019-05-18
  33. 33.0 33.1 Steam Community - Monster Hunter: World - Monster Hunter World/Steam problem - last accessed on 2019-04-08
  34. DSOGaming - Denuvo server issues prevented players from playing Batman: Arkham Knight, Mad Max & Shadow of War - last accessed on 2019-05-16
  35. 35.0 35.1 DOOM (2016) demo (Steam) crashes on launch due to Denuvo copy protection - WineHQ Bugzilla
  36. 64-bit MetaTrader5 refuses to start, reports 'A debugger has been found running in your system' (Denuvo Anti-Tamper x64) - WineHQ Bugzilla
  37. HACK: steam: Add PE wrapper DLL for lsteamclient. · ValveSoftware/wine - GitHub
  38. Hitman hangs with 100% CPU usage without showing screen - WineHQ Bugzilla
  39. Far Cry 5 crashes at startup - WineHQ Bugzilla
  40. DISHONORED.2-STEAMPUNKS - NFO - last accessed on 2018-12-12
    "STEAMPUNKS are proud to bring you the first release including a real Denuvo license generator with untouched game executable. Your license will be regenerated if needed (hw change, os updates)."
  41. Verified by User:Aemony on 2019-06-14
  42. Verified by User:Aemony on 2019-06-14
    I have done this multiple times.
  43. Steam Community - Sonic Mania - Game Can't Get Past Menu Screen! Help! - last accessed on 2019-05-21