The Command Prompt is the command-line interpreter provided by Microsoft for Windows systems and is the not-as-powerful equivalent of the shell in Linux and Mac OS. It can be accessed by going to 'run' and typing 'cmd.exe' or by running a 'Batch file'.
The Task Manager is an application built into Windows that allows for the managing running processes as well as providing information about computer performance.
It can be accessed by any of the following ways:
The Device Manager is an application built into Windows that allows for the management of device drivers. It can be accessed from the Control Panel.
The Registry Editor allows users to edit the Windows registry. It can be accessed by going to 'run' and typing 'Regedit.exe'.
A Blue Screen of Death (a.k.a BSOD or Bluescreen) is an error screen that Windows produces when it encounters an error that it cannot recover from.
DirectX is a collection of APIs for Windows that allows programs to interact directly with hardware.
The .NET Framework is a software framework for Windows that is required for games built in .NET-aware languages (such as C# or Visual Basic), including those that use XNA. Different games may require different versions of .NET Framework. A list with download links for most versions can be found here[Note 1]. Windows 8 and 10 users may want to read this.
DLL stands for "Dynamic Link Library". DLL files (.dll) are Windows exclusive library files containing code and data that can be used over several applications.
While they can save time for developers, these files can cause problems for the end-user (commonly referred to as "DLL Hell").
Windows 10 (v1607 "Anniversary Update" and later) includes fullscreen optimizations that attempts to convert games running in the "classic" exclusive fullscreen mode into using borderless window mode with flip model presentation instead. This optimization is completely transparent to the game, and it as well as injected tools (such as Special K) will believe and report that the game is running in exclusive fullscreen mode. This allows the use of Windows 10's Game bar as well as other system overlays in games that otherwise would not support them. A side-effect of the flip model presentation used is that it still allows the use of virtual refresh rate techniques such as G-Sync/FreeSync syncing the monitor to the frame rate despite them being configured for fullscreen only.
Earlier versions of Windows 10 (v1607-1709) also tried forcing games running in regular window modes (including borderless window mode) to use flip model presentation, however this was discovered to cause issues with some games. As a result, in Windows v1803 Microsoft had disabled that aspect of the feature and limited the fullscreen optimizations to only apply for games running in exclusive fullscreen mode.
The Game bar (⊞ Win+G) allows easy capture recording of gameplay screenshots and video while playing a game and is enabled by default in Windows 10. Unfortunately, some games suffer from sporadic but severe FPS drops when the bar is enabled.
Search for the name Powershell in the system, and launch it as administrator via RBM.
Write: Get-MMAgent to check the current state of memory compression. If it's false, there is nothing to be done. It can be disabled by default while using SSD as system disk. To disable it, write: Disable-MMAgent -mc To enable, write Enable-MMAgent -mc
Use this instruction and choose executable. Don't turn off CFG globally - it's a major security breach.
Go to Security and Privacy and disabled all of the options under "Privacy."
For modern versions of Windows (both 32-bit and 64-bit), it is recommended to use DOSBox.
See Windows Store article for this and other Windows Apps related issues.
This issue actually first materialized in 8.1, unfortunately there is little more that can be done than use a DDraw wrapper:
Note: Normally Windows 8+ automatically detects if an application needs DirectPlay or other legacy components when it launches and prompts the user to install DirectPlay, but this requires a certain combination of services to be active such as the Diagnostic Policy Service which are sometimes disabled by the user.
/C start "" /D "<path-to-game>\" /AFFINITY 1 "<path-to-game>\game.exe"
Start /affinity E app.exe
"E" is a hex value. To set it manually, just add corresponding "Associated value(s) (n)" from here and convert it to hex value (third option Decimal to Hex)
Start /affinity E app.exe
imagecfg -a 0x1 game.exe
psexec -a 0 game.exe
bootcfg /raw "/3GB /userva=2048" /A /ID 1
BCDEdit /set increaseuserva 2048
reg flags "<key>" set DONT_VIRTUALIZE /reg:32
Try one of the following:
What you need: a working installation of Windows XP sp2.
Create a new folder c:\temp
Copy the following files to the directory c:\temp *and* to the corresponding vista directories:
Note: You might need to open up an "elevated" command prompt, "run as administrator", (to get write access to directories).
(*) The directory "inf" is hidden
Go to "manage network connection" (in control panel-> network). Right click your LAN adapter connection, click "install", "protocol", "Add", Do not select the IPX that is already in the list, be sure to select "have disk". Navigate to "c:\temp" and select file "netnwlnk.inf", now select "WLink IPX/SPX/NetBIOS". You will get a warning it's not verifiable, install anyway (or not..).
If you get an error message about a missing module, you forgot to copy the above files to the windows 7 directories.
Previous versions of Windows included a compatible version of secdrv.sys for Macrovision SafeDisc DRM; Windows 10 does not, rendering games protected by SafeDisc unplayable. According to a Microsoft representative "Safedisc is not supported on Windows 10" and people will have to wait for Trymedia to come out with an updated kernel driver, something which is impossible as official SafeDisc support was dropped on March 30, 2009. However a workaround is to obtain and install the kernel driver from an older version of Windows, as described below.
Use WLAN Optimizer.
Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00
Now adjustable in Start -> Control Panel -> Power Options -> 'Change Plan settings' -> 'Change advanced power settings' -> Processor Power Management -> Processor performance core parking min cores; 100% means all are used.
Add a DEP Exception for your game executable. Sometimes reboot needed afterwards.
Once the free memory is exhausted, performance takes a big hit - games with heavy caching like BF1 suffer horribly. The only way to fix it previously was restarting the computer (thus clearing the memory), which explains why it was only happening after a while and not on a fresh boot.
The package includes the following games from Windows 7:
sources\xpm\VirtualXPVHD\Program Files\Windows NT
Set priority class of the game process to high