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Minecraft: Java Edition

From PCGamingWiki, the wiki about fixing PC games
(Redirected from Minecraft)
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Although this product has been released, it remains under active development - information may change frequently and could be outdated or irrelevant.

This page is for the Java Edition. For the "Windows 10 version", see Minecraft: Bedrock Edition.

Minecraft: Java Edition
Minecraft: Java Edition cover
Microsoft Studios
Microsoft Studios
Release dates
Windows November 18, 2011
macOS (OS X) November 18, 2011
Linux November 18, 2011
Metacritic 93
Monetization One-time game purchase, Subscription gaming service
Microtransactions None
Modes Singleplayer, Multiplayer
Perspectives First-person
Genres Survival, Open world
Art styles Voxel art
Series Minecraft
Minecraft: Java Edition on IGDB
Minecraft: Java Edition guide on StrategyWiki
Minecraft: Java Edition on MobyGames
Minecraft: Java Edition on Wikipedia
Minecraft: Java Edition 2011
Minecraft: Pi Edition 2013
Minecraft: Story Mode (series)
Minecraft: Education Edition 2016
Minecraft: Bedrock Edition 2016
Minecraft Dungeons 2020
Minecraft Legends 2023

Minecraft, later known as Minecraft Java Edition, is a first-person survival sandbox game developed by Mojang and Microsoft Studios and published by Microsoft Studios, released on November 18, 2011 for Windows, OS X and Linux.

Key points

Active and dedicated modding scene, responsible for many fixes, tools and additional content.
Without mods, likely to perform worse than the Bedrock Edition.[1][2]

General information

Official Bug Tracker
Minecraft Help Center
Unofficial Wiki


Source DRM Notes Keys OS
Official website
macOS (OS X)
macOS (OS X)
Microsoft Store
Microsoft Store
Included in Xbox Game Pass for PC
Windows (unavailable)
macOS (OS X)
All versions require a Microsoft account.
Purchase includes access to Minecraft: Bedrock Edition.[3]

Free trial

A free trial is available.

Essential improvements


While the official launcher is sufficient for vanilla players, some users may want to separate their Minecraft instances, each of which can have its own mods, texture packs, saves, etc.
  • MultiMC - a custom, lightweight and intuitive open source launcher.
  • Prism Launcher - a fork of MultiMC with a built-in mod downloader and updater and installer for Modrinth and CurseForge mods, Quilt support, better linux packaging, proper Microsoft Account support on linux, and more community-centric.


It is recommended to use performance mods to improve the performance.

Game data

General settings
General settings

Configuration file(s) location

System Location
Windows %APPDATA%\.minecraft\options.txt
macOS (OS X) $HOME/Library/Application Support/minecraft/options.txt
Linux $HOME/.minecraft/options.txt
launcher_profiles.json contains stored user profiles.
This game does not follow the XDG Base Directory Specification on Linux.

Save game data location

System Location
Windows %APPDATA%\.minecraft\saves
macOS (OS X) $HOME/Library/Application Support/minecraft/saves
Linux $HOME/.minecraft/saves
The server save is stored in world in the root directory of the server.
Saves are not compatible with Minecraft: Bedrock Edition.[4]

Save game cloud syncing

System Native Notes
Xbox Cloud
Worlds hosted on the Realms service are stored on cloud and attached to your Minecraft account. They can not be accessed from Minecraft: Bedrock Edition.


Video settings
Video settings

Graphics feature State WSGF Notes
Widescreen resolution
Can be stretched to any window size.
4K Ultra HD
Field of view (FOV)
Limited to 30-110°. Can be set to any value by editing the configuration files. See Field of view (FOV).
Set in options or toggle with F11.
Borderless fullscreen windowed
Use Borderless Gaming with regex: Minecraft (\d+\.\d+\.\d+|\d+w\d+\w).[5] 1.13+ has native support.[6]
Anisotropic filtering (AF)
Anti-aliasing (AA)
Custom resource packs can be used when Fabulous graphics is enabled. Alternatively, use a shader pack, which can be done with Iris or OptiFine.
Vertical sync (Vsync)
60 FPS and 120+ FPS
Frame rate cap is fully configurable.
High dynamic range display (HDR)
See the glossary page for potential alternatives.
Ray tracing (RT)
Requires shader mods. Hardware accelerated Ray Tracing can be achieved, see Hardware accelerated Ray Tracing.
Color blind mode
Custom resource packs can be used.

Field of view (FOV)

Dynamic FOV can be disabled in Minecraft 1.16+ in Accessibility Settings.
Set custom FOV[citation needed]
  1. Go to the configuration file(s) location.
  2. Edit options.txt.
  3. Find fov and modify its value.


1.0 = 110° FOV, 1.25 = 120°, 1.5 = 130°, 1.75 = 140°, 2.0 = 150°.

Hardware accelerated Ray Tracing

This method makes use of the Vulkanite mod, which itself relies on Vulkan OpenGL Interoperability this may cause severe graphical issues depending on your hardware and driver.
This mod is still under heavy development and bugs are to be expected.
This mod WILL require a GPU with Ray tracing acceleration (RTX 2000+ and AMD 6000+, intel arcs are not yet supported).
Enable Hardware accelerated Ray Tracing
  1. Download the Sodium; Iris; and Vulkanite mods, and install them using Fabric modloader.
  2. Download and install the demo shaderpack made by BalintCsala into the shaderpack folder.
  3. Launch the game and load the shaderpack installed.


Key map settings
Key map settings
Mouse settings
Mouse settings
Java Edition lacks the native controller and touchscreen controls which Minecraft: Bedrock Edition has. See Controller, Touchscreen and eye tracking for mods that add the functionality to Java Edition.

Mouse acceleration

Disable Windows mouse acceleration[8]
Minecraft uses a Windows function to control mouse movement, which can be modified.
Modifying the function affects any software that relies on it (not just Minecraft).
  1. Download the MarkC Mouse Acceleration Fix. Extract its contents to a new folder.
  2. Open the Start menu and open the Control panel. Select Display from the list.
  3. Check the PC's text size (100%, 125%, 150%) in the display settings.
  4. Open the folder created in step 1. Open the sub-folder that fits the operating system.
  5. Double-click the .reg file that corresponds with the text display percentage. Confirm the changes to registry.
  6. Reboot the PC.

Controller, Touchscreen and eye tracking

Two mods are available to implement controller support into the game - however, both have some features the other doesn't.
Use MidnightControls[9]


Requires Fabric/Quilt 1.18+.
Aims for parity with Minecraft: Bedrock Edition.
Allows to use controllers, touchscreen and eye trackers.
Allows for splitscreen play.
Use Controllable[10]


Requires Forge/NeoForge 1.12+ or Fabric/Quilt 1.19+. Fabric version available here.
Allows to use controllers.
Allows playing multiple instances of the game on the same PC, allowing for local co-op play.


Audio settings
Audio settings

Audio feature State Notes
Separate volume controls
Detailed separate volume sliders
Surround sound
Up to 7.0 output.[11]
No spoken dialog. Subtitles option actually refers to Closed Captions.
Closed captions
Most sounds have their own individual captions, which are displayed as text along with the directions they come from.
Mute on focus lost
Automatically pauses on focus lost, except in multiplayer.
Royalty free audio


Localization is done by the community via Crowdin. An up-to-date page of all localizations can be found here, however some of them—especially ones with low completion percentage—may be unavailable in the game for a long period of time until the devs will add them.
Translation completion status is written in brackets then there are several language variants listed in a note. An absence of percentage means the translation is complete.
Language UI Audio Sub Notes
Includes localizations for Australia, Canada, UK, USA and New Zealand
Translated by 98%
Translated by 94%
Limited support of the writing system.
Use the fan fix for better experience.
Translated by 97%
Translated by 64%
Translated by 98%
Translated by 92%
Translated by 92%
Translated by 92%
Translated by 92%
Translated by 99%
Bulgarian Cyrillic font is available as a resource pack. Download.
Simplified Chinese
Traditional Chinese
Translated by 87%
Includes localizations for Netherlands, Belgium (97%), and Brabant (67%)
Translated by 84%
Translated by 66%
Translated by 92%
Canadian French
Translated by 93%
Translated by 92%
Includes localizations for Austria (93%), Germany, Switzerland, Bavaria (83%), East Central Germany (Upper Saxon; 80%), Franconia (71%), and Northern Germany (Low German; 74%)
Translated by 98%
Translated by 89%
Translated by 95%
Translated by 91%
Translated by 74%
Translated by 94%
Written in Latin script
Translated by 93%
Available in variants: Italian, Lombardian (79%), Friulian (98%), and Venetian (78%)
Translated by 79%
Translated by 89%
Translated by 98%
Translated by 98%
Translated by 86%
Translated by 88%
Translated by 82%
Available in Latin and Jawi scripts.
Limited Jawi writing support. Use the fan fix for better experience.
Translated by 76%
Translated by 96%
Cyrillic script
Translated by 97%
Northern Sami
Translated by 93%
Available in variants: Non-descript (i.e. Bokmål) and Nynorsk (97%)
Translated by 52%
Limited support of the writing system.
Use the fan fix for better experience.
Brazilian Portuguese
Translated by 63%
Available in modern and pre-revolutionary orthography
Scottish Gaelic
Translated by 89%
Available in both Cyrillic (97%) and Latin (92%) scripts
Translated by 98%
Translated by 94%
Translated by 62%
Standard Spanish and Andalusian (95%)
Latin American Spanish
Includes localizations for Argentina, Chile, Mexico, Uruguay, Venezuela (98%), and Ecuador (97%)
Translated by 75%
Translated by 77%
Translated by 93%
Cyrillic script
Translated by 88%
Translated by 82%
Translated by 87%
The game is also localized to:
Constructed languages: Anglish, Klingon (Latin script; 85%), Lojban (52%), Quenya (Latin script; 60%), Toki Pona, Viossa
Historical languages: Classical Chinese, Early Modern English (Shakespearean English; 92%)
Joke languages: LolSpeak (LOLCAT), Pirate English


Chat settings
Chat settings
Multiplayer is not compatible with Minecraft: Bedrock Edition unless the server uses Geyser.[7]
No Chat Reports removes the cryptographic signatures that have been appended to every message sent in chat since 1.19. The reason for using this mod is that the reporting system can be heavily exploited and get your Microsoft account banned from multiplayer games even if you have not violated any rules.[12][13][14]

Multiplayer types

Type Native Players Notes
Local play
2147483647 See Controller, Touchscreen and eye tracking.[15]
LAN play
8 Maximum 8 players
Online play
2147483647 Max players is capped to the max integer size in Java.[15]

Connection types


Protocol Port(s) and/or port range(s)
TCP 25565
Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) support status is unknown.

VR support

Steam Deck

Minecraft is not available through SteamOS, but can be installed manually. Minecraft can be played through a launcher such as Prism Launcher (a fork of MultiMC).

Install Minecraft using Prism Launcher[16]
  1. Press Power then select Switch to Desktop
  2. Open Discover
  3. Search for and install Prism Launcher
  4. Log into Minecraft account (Mojang or Microsoft)
  5. Within Prism Launcher, open Settings → Minecraft, enable Close Prism Launcher after game window opens
  6. Within Steam, click Games → Add a Non-Steam Game to My Library, add Prism Launcher
  7. Return to Gaming Mode → Library → Non-Steam and launch Prism Launcher

Issues fixed

Mojang has created an Official Bug Tracker that can be used to find or report bugs.

Graphical issues

Black borders on Blocks[1]
Disable forced anisotropic filtering in the graphics card options menu, and only use the in-game Mip Maps settings.

Memory issues

See the RAM allocation section.

Performance issues

See the Mods section.

Text rendering issues

The default in-game font doesn't support various writing systems or parts of it, therefore auto-generated "Unicode font" is used for these instances, which doesn't follow original art style and lacks readability.
Some scripts require features such as letters forms and combining diacritics, which are not supported by the game's default font engine, but Minecraft supports TTF/OTF fonts since version 1.13 [17] [18]

Arabic script
Install Rooyin font
Works for Minecraft 1.13 and higher.
  1. Download Rooyin font resource pack.
  2. Put the zip file into <path-to-game>/resourcepacks folder.
  3. In the menu go to Options > Resource Packs.
  4. Move Rooyin-Font pack to Selected area and press Done.
  5. For the better chat readability go to Options > Chat Settings and set Line Spacing to 45%.
If This pack was made for an older version of Minecraft and may not work correctly. warning occurs, ignore it and press Yes.

Other information


Technical specs Supported Notes
OpenGL 3.2, 4.4, 4.5
Undocumented officially. Use VulkanMod with the Fabric or Quilt mod loaders to enable it. Incompatible with Sodium or any other mod that relies on OpenGL rendering.
ExecutablePPC 32-bit 64-bitARM Notes
32-bit support up to 1.20.5
macOS (OS X)
PowerPC support up to 1.5.2, due to Java ≥6 not having PowerPC versions.[19] ARM requires m1-multimc-hack and the MultiMC or Prism Launcher launchers.
PowerPC support for recent Minecraft versions require the MultiMC or Prism Launcher launchers.[20] ARM requires Optifine.[21]
32-bit systems are not supported starting from game version 1.20.5 and onwards.[22]


Middleware Notes
Audio OpenAL Soft 1.21.1
Input GLFW 3.4


The Windows version of Minecraft includes Java (used for Minecraft only). Installing Java manually is not necessary.
Using 64-bit Java on 64-bit operating systems is strongly recommended.[23]
Additionally, 32-bit Java is not supported starting from game version 1.20.5 and onwards.[22]
Recommendations for manual in-depth configuration of runtime arguments can be found here.



Modpacks can be installed using MultiMC-based Launchers by pressing Add Instance, going to the Modrinth tab, searching for the desired modpack and pressing Ok.
Best performance
  • Simply Optimized is a modpack that strictly contains only optimization mods in their best configuration, without any quality-of-life or visual enhancements, providing the best possible performance. Extras can still be added if the user wishes.
  • Adrenaline is an alternative modpack to Simply Optimized which could be considered more stable due to using less experimental optimizations
OptiFine alternatives


  • Nvidium is a replacement rendering backend for Sodium that uses Nvidia-only OpenGL extensions to heavily-improve performance and majorly increase the rendering distance with minimal performance compromises. Requires an Nvidia GPU with mesh shader support (16-series and higher) and Fabric/Quilt 1.19.4+
  • Iris introduces shader support for Fabric-based instances (already included in OptiFine alternatives modpacks). Shaders can modify all kinds of visual features, including but not limited to: shadows, reflections, anti-aliasing, volumetric effects, dynamic and colored lighting, water waves and more. One of the most popular shaderpacks is Complementary Shaders. Requires Fabric/Quilt 1.16.5+
    • Oculus is an unofficial fork of Iris for Forge 1.16.5 to 1.20.1 and NeoForge 1.20.1+


Mod Loaders
Mod Loaders can be automatically installed using Launchers.
Only one mod loader can be installed at a time.
  • Fabric is required for many mods for Minecraft 1.14 and above
    • Quilt is a hard-fork of Fabric, focusing on being more community-centric. Supports most of the mods made for Fabric
  • Forge may be required for some specific or big overhaul mods
    • NeoForge is a hard-fork of Forge created by the original main Forge development team. Recommended instead of Forge for 1.20.1+
  • Useful Mods is the biggest list of every notable performance, bugfix and quality of life mods available for every notable version separately.
  • Simply Optimized provides a list of the current best optimization mods to use together.
Optimization mods (Forge/NeoForge)
The mods below are an alternative to the Simply Optimized mod list for use with Forge instead, and are for the latest Minecraft version, which is 1.20 at the time of this writing. If you are looking for mods for older versions, see the list above instead.
  • Embeddium, unofficial port of Sodium for Forge 1.16.5 to 1.20.2 and NeoForge 1.20.2+
  • Canary, unofficial hard-fork of Lithium for Forge 1.18.2+
  • Radium, unofficial port of Lithium for Forge 1.20.1, more performant than Canary in some cases
  • Noisium heavily improves world generation performance. Requires Forge/NeoForge/Fabric/Quilt 1.20+
  • BadOptimizations is a collection of micro optimizations that add up together. Requires Forge or Fabric/Quilt 1.19.1+.
  • Entity Culling stops the rendering of enemies behind blocks, considerably improving performance. Requires Forge 1.6.3+ or Fabric/Quilt 1.16+
  • ImmediatelyFast heavily optimizes general rendering. Requires Forge 1.19 to 1.20.2, NeoForge 1.20.2+ or Fabric/Quilt 1.19+
  • ModernFix improves performance, reduces memory usage and fixes bugs. Requires Forge 1.16.5 to 1.20.2, NeoForge 1.20.2+ or Fabric 1.16.4+
  • Very Many Players improves multiplayer performance. Requires Forge 1.19.2+
  • OptiFine is a proprietary optimization mod, which also adds support for HD textures, shader packs, and graphical improvements. Requires Forge. Incompatible with Sodium (and its ports) and may conflict with other mods - more info here

RAM allocation

Recommendations for setting the allocation can be found here.
The official launcher and third-party Launchers allow to easily allocate RAM and set other Java arguments. The manual methods are detailed below.
OS X memory allocation[citation needed]
  1. Right-click on in Finder and choose Show Package Contents.
  2. Go to Contents and open info.plist using TextEdit.
  3. Modify -Xms ### MB - replace ### with the minimum amount of memory Minecraft can use (in megabytes).
  4. Modify -Xmx $$$ MB - replace $$$ with the maximum amount of memory Minecraft can use (in megabytes).
Linux memory allocation[citation needed]
  1. Go to the location of Minecraft.jar.
  2. Run the command java -jar Xms###MB -Xmx$$$MB Minecraft.jar
    • Replace ### with the minimum amount of memory Minecraft can use (in megabytes).
    • Replace $$$ with the maximum amount of memory Minecraft can use (in megabytes).

System requirements

Minimum[24] Recommended
Operating system (OS) 7
Processor (CPU) Intel Core i3-3210 3.2 GHz
AMD A8-7600 3.1 GHz
System memory (RAM) 2 GB
Hard disk drive (HDD) 1 GB
Video card (GPU) Nvidia GeForce 400 series
AMD Radeon HD 7000 series
Intel HD Graphics 4000
AMD Radeon R5 series
OpenGL 4.4 compatible
Shader model 5.0 support
macOS (OS X)
Minimum[24] Recommended
Operating system (OS) 10.14.5 (Mojave)
Processor (CPU) Intel Core i3-3210 3.2 GHz
AMD A8-7600 3.1 GHz
System memory (RAM) 2 GB
Hard disk drive (HDD) 1 GB
Video card (GPU) Nvidia GeForce 400 series
AMD Radeon HD 7000 series
Intel HD Graphics 4000
AMD Radeon R5 series
OpenGL 4.4 compatible
Shader model 5.0 support
PowerPC support was retired with version 1.6.
Minimum Recommended
Operating system (OS) 3.0
Processor (CPU) Intel Core i3-3210 3.2 GHz
AMD A8-7600 3.1 GHz
System memory (RAM) 2 GB
Hard disk drive (HDD) 1 GB
Video card (GPU) Nvidia GeForce 400 series
AMD Radeon HD 7000 series
Intel HD Graphics 4000
AMD Radeon R5 series
OpenGL 4.4 compatible
Shader model 5.0 support
Other Any modern distro
A 64-bit operating system is required.


  1. Minecraft: Java Edition vs Windows 10 | PC Gamer
  2. Minecraft Java Edition and Bedrock Edition are coming to Xbox Game Pass for PC - last accessed on 2021-10-17
    "Java Edition is also much more demanding on your hardware, which is why you might want to check out Bedrock Edition, which is the multiplatform, cross-play, and gamepad compatible version of the game."
  3. | Minecraft: Java & Bedrock Edition FAQ
  4. Minecraft: Windows 10 Edition Beta - Microsoft Store
  5. Post your feature request here :: Borderless Gaming General Discussions - last accessed on May 2023
  6. New borderless fullscreen feature is not borderless fullscreen - last accessed on 2020-04-26
    "Possible issues"
  7. 7.0 7.1 Announcing: Minecraft: Windows 10 Edition Beta
  8. - last accessed on May 2023
  9. MidnightControls - Midnight Dust - last accessed on 2024-02-27
  10. Controllable - Forge - Minecraft Mods - Curseforge - last accessed on 2024-02-27
  11. PC Gaming Surround Sound Round-up - last accessed on May 2023
  12. How Minecraft's Player Chat Reporting works (...and why I hate it) - last accessed on 2024-04-05
  13. Chat Reporting in Minecraft 1.19.2: Is Everything Fixed? - last accessed on 2024-04-05
  14. Chat Reporting in Minecraft 1.19.2: Gaslight Strikes Back - last accessed on 2024-04-05
  15. 15.0 15.1 Arqade - What is the maximum number of players on a Minecraft/Bukkit server? - last accessed on 2019-03-02
  16. Minecraft Guide for the Steam Deck - YouTube - last accessed on 2022-03-15
  17. MC1.13 change-log on Minecraft Wiki, "Fonts are now saved as TrueType font files."
  18. Minecraft Wiki: Resource pack, "A TrueType font or OpenType font. Despite its name, it supports both TTF and OTF."
  19. Minecraft 1.2.5 and 1.5.2 for PowerPC - last accessed on 2020-11-28
  20. Minecraft Java Edition (LWJGL being ported) - last accessed on 2020-11-28
  21. How to setup Minecraft 1.15.2 on Pi4 - last accessed on 2020-11-21
  22. 22.0 22.1 Minecraft Java Edition 1.20.5 - last accessed on 2024-04-25
    "The game now requires a 64-bit Operating System"
  23. - last accessed on May 2023
  24. 24.0 24.1 Minecraft Help Center - Minecraft: Java Edition Installation Issues FAQ