Difference between revisions of "Quake"

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{{mm}} [http://www.celephais.net/board/news.php Func_Msgboard] - The mapper hub, new map releases, technique improvements.
{{mm}} [http://www.celephais.net/board/news.php Func_Msgboard] - The mapper hub, new map releases, technique improvements.
{{mm}} [https://web.archive.org/web/20130128224604/http://bit7.org/quake/ bit7.org/quake (archived)] - Community site with extensive mirrors section, reviews and details on editions of the game.
{{mm}} [https://web.archive.org/web/20130128224604/http://bit7.org/quake/ bit7.org/quake (archived)] - Community site with extensive mirrors section, reviews and details on editions of the game.
{{mm}} [http://www.inside3d.com/ Inside3d] - The modder hub, QuakeC tutorials and an active forum.
{{mm}} [http://www.quaddicted.com/ Quaddicted] - Great collection of categorized and rated single player maps as well as a ton of general information and history.
{{mm}} [http://www.quaddicted.com/ Quaddicted] - Great collection of categorized and rated single player maps as well as a ton of general information and history.
{{mm}} [http://www.quakeone.com/ QuakeOne] - Original network style multiplayer hub, player community.
{{mm}} [http://www.quakeone.com/ QuakeOne] - Original network style multiplayer hub, player community.

Revision as of 07:57, 14 June 2021

This page may require cleanup to meet basic quality standards. You can help by modifying the article. The discussion page may contain useful suggestions.

This page is for the original Quake. For Valve's GoldSrc multi-player remake, see Deathmatch Classic.

Quake cover
id Software
Mission Pack 1 Hipnotic Interactive
Mission Pack 2 Rogue Entertainment
Mac OS (Classic) Lion Entertainment, Inc.
Linux Dave D. Taylor
GT Interactive
Expansion packs Activision
Mac OS MacSoft
Linux Macmillan Digital Publishing USA
Digital Bethesda Softworks
Quake engine
Release dates
DOS June 22, 1996
Linux July 5, 1996
Windows January 22, 1997
Mac OS (Classic) August 28, 1997
Windows (DOSBox) August 26, 2015
Metacritic 94
Modes Singleplayer, Multiplayer
Pacing Real-time
Perspectives First-person
Controls Direct control
Genres Action, Shooter
Art styles Realistic
Themes Fantasy, Sci-fi, Lovecraftian
Series Quake
Quake on HowLongToBeat
Quake on IGDB
Quake guide on StrategyWiki
Quake on MobyGames
Quake on Wikipedia
Quake 1996
Quake II 1997
Quake III Arena 1999
Quake 4 2005
Enemy Territory: Quake Wars 2007
Quake Live 2010
Quake II RTX 2019
Quake Champions EA

Key points

Engine is open source with modern multi-platform ports available; see Source ports
The Steam version lacks the original soundtrack; see Restore music playback
Vanilla Quake sometimes has trouble running on modern machines. It is recommended to use one of the numerous Source ports.

General information

Quake Wiki - A detailed wiki for every Quake game made.
Quake Owner's Manual (Steam Community) - A very detailed guide on configuring Quake
Func_Msgboard - The mapper hub, new map releases, technique improvements.
bit7.org/quake (archived) - Community site with extensive mirrors section, reviews and details on editions of the game.
Quaddicted - Great collection of categorized and rated single player maps as well as a ton of general information and history.
QuakeOne - Original network style multiplayer hub, player community.
QuakeWorld nu - QuakeWorld multiplayer hub, competitive player community.
Video guide for the basics of setting up Quake with a modern engine.
Technical information file about Quake from id Software.
GOG.com Community Discussions for game series
GOG.com Support Page
Steam Community Discussions


Source DRM Notes Keys OS
Without modifications CD is required for in-game music.
The only official Linux retail release was part of the Quake: The Offering collection in 1999.
Mac OS
DRM-free after installation through Bethesda.net Launcher (notes may include more details)
DRM-free when launched directly from executable (WINQUAKE.EXE)
Icon overlay.png
See Steam below
Icon overlay.png
Quake: The Offering. Pre-packaged with nGlide (GLQuake) and DOSBox (software mode). Due to legal reasons, the in-game soundtrack in .ogg format is excluded, but is still included as disk images.[1]
Humble Store
Icon overlay.png
Quake: The Offering
Icon overlay.png
Does not come with game soundtrack; see Restore music playback. Also, the version of GLQuake included (v0.95) is outdated. See Version differences for a download link of the latest version (v0.97).
The Quakespasm icon is higher quality icon faithful to the original.

DLC and expansion packs

Name Notes
Mission Pack 1: Scourge of Armagon
Mission Pack 2: Dissolution of Eternity
Dimension of the Past An extra episode created by MachineGames and released for free as a gift for the game's 20th anniversary.[2] Considered semi-official.
Mac OS
Several unofficial add-ons were also released. Full list available here at the Quake wiki.

Version differences

Quake: The Offering includes the base game along with all expansions.
Name Description
Qtest A technology test released on February 24, 1996, a few months before the full release. Meant to showcase the multiplayer and level themes of the full game. Includes 3 maps and many elements of the game that were either cut or changed for the final release. Further details can be found on Quake Wiki.
Quake (shareware) This version is the official demo for the game (besides Qtest). Only the first episode ("Dimension of the Doomed") is available to play. Also, the shareware PAK file can be downloaded separately from the main release (to be used with source ports).
Quake The original DOS version. Can be run in DOSBox for newer systems. Maximum supported resolution of 1280 x 1024.
VQuake The first hardware accelerated version of Quake, released shortly before GLQuake. This MS-DOS port is specifically designed for the Vérité chipset by short-lived company Rendition, using their proprietary Speedy3D API. Uniquely for the time, this version offered edge anti-aliasing, adjustable from 0 to 7, covering various combinations of world, object and particle polygons. As there is no emulation of this hardware available, this port cannot be played on modern computers.
GLQuake A hardware accelerated Windows port of Quake, rendered with OpenGL. Greatly improves the overall look, allows widescreen resolutions of up to 2560 x 1440 and higher FOV. Screen resolutions need to be specified as command line arguments before launch. This port also has a few regressions; it does not support overbright lighting[3] and has weaker colored lighting than software rendered Quake. For a complete list of differences between GLQuake and Quake / WinQuake see: [4]
WinQuake Native 32-bit version of Quake designed to run under Windows 9x or NT 4.0. Takes advantage of DirectX but has no 3D acceleration. Closely resembles DOS Quake in appearance. Maximum supported resolution of 1280 x 1024.
QuakeWorld A multiplayer only version of Quake specifically designed to play over the Internet. A version using OpenGL rendering is also available (GLQuakeWorld). See Quake vs. QuakeWorld for specifics.

Quake vs. QuakeWorld

When Quake initially launched its netcode was not optimized for the dial-up connections of the time, and so consequently QuakeWorld was created, a separate exe for the game which was multiplayer only with adjusted physics and severely revamped netcode. As personal internet connections improved, the original Quake protocol became more relevant. The original, non-QuakeWorld version, is now often referred to as NetQuake, and there is a divide as to which to play. Serious competitive players are very sensitive to the differences between them, however for the starting out player the differences will be barely noticeable, and the experienced but more casual players play whichever, simply going for servers where a fun time can be had.

Essential improvements

Source ports

Since the release of the source code various engine overhauls and source ports have been created to enhance or modify the game in different ways. Which one to use is a matter of taste.

To install a source port, extract it into the same folder as the vanilla executable and run the modified engine's .exe.
QuakeSpasm, QuakeSpasm Spiked, or vkQuake are recommended for authenticity to the original and maximum mod compatibility. DarkPlaces is recommended for graphical enhancements. Quake "Epsilon" is an all-in-one modernized version.
Name Description
DarkPlaces DarkPlaces is a 2nd common port for new players which adds modern graphical features such as realtime shadowmaps, bloom, and normalmapping. It also supports both the netQuake, and QuakeWorld networking protocols, as well as its own. It scales well on visual effects from the modern to the classic and sports fast rendering for modern GPUs. It has some problems with mods that depend on the original Quake's bugs that the engine has fixed.
macOS (OS X)
DirectQ (Archived) DirectQ is a Direct3d oriented engine with a few tweaks to the menu but little to graphical improvements, it simply runs on DirectX instead of OpenGL. It mostly resembles the classic look with some quirks such as the HUD being based on Nintendo 64 version, outside of that it performs excellently. Note that this source port is no longer under active development. The latest release is v1.9.
Fruitz of Dojo Quake A Cocoa port of the engine; it allows Quake and QuakeWorld to be played on modern Macs. Also includes their OpenGL equivalents with the download. A more graphically advanced companion, TenebraeQuake is also available. Older versions of both can be downloaded here (warning, adult content!)
macOS (OS X)
FTEQuakeWorld FTEQuakeWorld is targeted at QuakeWorld players while adding support for other Quake engine games. It features enhanced visuals, voice chat support, and better modding capability for QuakeWorld servers.
macOS (OS X)
nQuake nQuake is a complete QuakeWorld package, designed to quickly get into multiplayer with all the required features in a modern context. You can also optionally install a pack during installation to enhance the overall look of the game.
macOS (OS X)
ezQuake A more lean version of nQuake.
macOS (OS X)
QuakeSpasm QuakeSpasm is a descendant of FitzQuake which like that engine, it focuses on fixing bugs and stability, lifting engine limits such as maximum items and geometry detail and restoring the missing functionality that the original software renderer had but the OpenGL renderer lacked. Unlike many other engines, QuakeSpasm does not alter the style of the original game and doesn't fix game-changing bugs that affects mods. It also has native support for anti-aliasing [Note 1] and anisotropic filtering[Note 2]. The most commonly used source port in the community.
By default, QuakeSpasm doesn’t play demo footage upon boot the way the original did; this behavior can be restored using the -fitz Command line argument.
macOS (OS X)
QuakeSpasm Spiked QuakeSpasm Spiked is a fork of QuakeSpasm that allows the game to run above 72 FPS without breaking physics[Note 3], includes improved networking, voicechat, and increases other limits.
macOS (OS X)
vkQuake vkQuake is a Quake 1 port using Vulkan instead of OpenGL for rendering. It is based on the popular QuakeSpasm port and runs all mods compatible with it like Arcane Dimensions or In The Shadows. Compared to QuakeSpasm vkQuake also features a software Quake-like underwater effect, has better color precision, generates mipmap for water surfaces at runtime, and makes physics independent from framerate. It is the current best source port for modern GPUs with Vulkan support.
Mark V Forked from FitzQuake, Mark V also contains features from other source ports such as JoeQuake or ProQuake. Besides that it also has their own such as support for Nehahra mod, copy & paste in console, saving multiplayer games, external texture and .vis support, extended coop features, software mode inspired by WinQuake and many more. As for the music, it only supports CD audio and the external MP3 files.
macOS (OS X)
Quake "Epsilon" Based on DarkPlaces, Quake Epsilon is a complete overhaul with high resolution textures, models and sounds. Incorporates minor mods and tweaks, but doesn't detract from the original. Can be used with the full version of Quake and its mission packs.
macOS (OS X)

Ultimate Quake Patch

Patches for the Mission Pack can be found below:

This patch fixed numerous compatibility issues found with the game. It's designed only for the Steam version but is also compatible with retail versions by changing the install path of the mod. It includes the Darkplaces source port along with the missing soundtrack.

The opengl32.dll files must be deleted before applying the patch.
The source port included uses an outdated version and the Scourge of Armagon soundtrack is badly ripped.
More infomation can be found here.

Installers and launchers

Quake Injector

Quake Injector is a Java-based client for the Quaddicted single player map and mod database that runs on Windows, OS X and Linux. It provides the ability to install and uninstall maps and mods (with their requirements/dependencies) from the site directly on Quake with a single click and includes information about each mod, such as release data, rating (from the Quaddicted editor), title, authors, a brief description (from the editor) and screenshot. Also it can (with varying levels of success) figure out if there are known maps already installed.

Quake Injector does not provide access to every map released for Quake (it has no support for multiplayer maps, for example, unless they come as part of a singleplayer map pack or they are singleplayer maps in addition to multiplayer), but it is very close to that and provides an easy method to try new maps and mods.

Please note that under OS X and Linux, many older maps will need manual editing of their filenames because the original files contained mixed case or upper case letters.
Some known source ports (like Quakespasm) are highly recommended.


MiniQL is a small Quake launcher that provides an easy front-end to running any user map or original map by scanning Quake and mod archive files (PAK files) and displaying all maps to select from. It can also be used to supply default variables (such as fov) and screen resolution when starting the game.

Any known source ports can also works with the launcher.

Remove opengl32.dll

As the included opengl32.dll is a 3dfx-specific MiniGL wrapper, it should be deleted on systems not using 3dfx cards, as it's highly recommended to prevent issues on modern system.

This methods is also recommended when playing Quake on a known source ports.

Game data

Configuration file(s) location

System Location
Windows <path-to-game>\Id1[Note 4]
Mac OS (Classic)
Steam Play (Linux) <Steam-folder>/steamapps/compatdata/2310/pfx/[Note 5]
It's unknown whether this game follows the XDG Base Directory Specification on Linux. Please fill in this information.

Save game data location

System Location
DOS <path-to-game>\Id1
Windows <path-to-game>\Id1[Note 4]
Mac OS (Classic)
Steam Play (Linux) <Steam-folder>/steamapps/compatdata/2310/pfx/[Note 5]

Save game cloud syncing

System Native Notes
GOG Galaxy
Steam Cloud


In-game general settings.
In-game general settings.

Graphics feature State WSGF Notes
Widescreen resolution
Stretched from 4:3 only. A source port is required for proper widescreen.
A source port is required.
A source port is required.
4K Ultra HD
A source port is required for easy selection.
Field of view (FOV)
For GLQuake, use +fov in the console, followed by the desired field-of-view.
A source port is required for easy selection.
Limited native support. See Source ports.
Borderless fullscreen windowed
Use Borderless Gaming.
Anisotropic filtering (AF)
A source port is required. See Source ports.
Anti-aliasing (AA)
A source port is required. See Source ports.
Vertical sync (Vsync)
A source port is required. See Source ports.
60 FPS
Frame rate is capped at 72 FPS by default.
120+ FPS
A source port is required. See Source ports.



To set mouselook to always on, add +mlook to autoexec.cfg. crosshair 1 enables a crosshair (it's really a plus character in the center of the screen).

Xbox 360 Controller support

Using existing joystick support, it is possible to add support for XInput-based controllers.

A list of configurations for the devices can be found in the Files section.

It will not add triggers support for XInput-based controllers as Quake treats them as axes and won't allow to map them. As a workaround XInput-to-DirectInput wrapper can be used, such as XInput Plus (actual tool is in English).

Some source ports like QuakeSpasm and DarkPlaces, however, have full XInput support, including triggers recognition.


Audio feature State Notes
Separate volume controls
CD Music and Sound Effects.
Surround sound
Closed captions
Mute on focus lost
EAX support
Use the FTE Quakeworld source port to get HRTF and underwater EFX reverb with OpenAL Soft. [7]
Red Book CD audio
On Windows, CD music might not play correctly; see the troubleshooting guide for solutions.


Language UI Audio Sub Notes
Fan translation, download.

VR support

3D modes Native Notes
Officially supported game, see official vorpx game list.
Headsets Native Notes
HTC Vive
Use Quake VR.
Oculus Rift
Use Quake VR.
Windows Mixed Reality
Use Quake VR.
Devices Native Notes
Tracked motion controllers
Traditional controller
See Input settings for details.
Novint Falcon
Play area Native Notes


Multiplayer types

Type Native Players Notes
Local play
4 Co-op, Versus
Use the FTE Quakeworld source port.
LAN play
16 Co-op, Versus
Online play
16 Co-op, Versus
For modern Internet support and other extra multiplayer-centric features, a source port is required. See Source ports.

Connection types

Type Native Notes
Direct IP
Pull down the console (~) and type connect <server address or ip>.


Protocol Port(s) and/or port range(s)
TCP 26000
UDP 26000
Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) support status is unknown.
This is the default port used. It can be changed in-game by the user

Issues fixed

Restore music playback


Using DOSBox[citation needed]


The Steam version lacks the original soundtrack.
Use DarkPlaces Engine[citation needed]
  • Install Ultimate Quake Patch to restore music to the Steam version and add the features of the DarkPlaces engine.
If you prefer to use the original engine you'll need the original disk audio image. Either burn a new CD from the image file or use a CD emulator like WinCDEmu to mount the image.


The GOG.com version includes the soundtrack, but by default it is only set up for use with the DOS version under DOSBox.
Use virtual CD software[citation needed]
  1. Install a virtual CD software, e.g. WinCDEmu.
  2. Mount the CD images in the installation folder with WinCDEmu.

Source ports

Some Quake engines can play music files to give you a soundtrack during the game.
Download soundtrack files[8]
  1. Download the soundtrack files[Note 6] for the campaign and mission packs.
  2. Place id1, hipnotic, and rogue folders in the installation folder.

Black screen with DarkPlaces engine (GOG.com)

Remove opengl32.dll[10]
  1. Go to the installation folder.
  2. Delete or rename opengl32.dll.

Running the original GLQuake

The original OpenGL version of Quake may not run on some systems with Nvidia graphics cards.
Enable extension limit[citation needed]
  1. Download and run Nvidia Profile Inspector.
  2. Search and open the game profile.
  3. Set Extension limit to On.
  4. Run Glquake.exe with the -no8bit command line argument.
Fix extension limit issues[11]
  1. Edit Glquake.exe with a hex editor.
  2. Search for GL_EXTENSIONS.
  3. Select the %s in that line and replace these two letters with two spaces.

Current music track plays the next one before the loop (GOG.com)

This happens with the incorrect CUE sheet that was included. It happens only with the main game and the Dissolution of Eternity. Scourge of Armagon is not affected by this.
Use fixed game.cue sheets[citation needed]
  1. Download Fixed game.cue sheets for Quake The Offering.
  2. Unpack both of these files to the installation folder.

Music does not loop

Fix CD audio looping[12]
  1. Rip your game CD-ROM's music. .ogg and .mp3 codecs should be fully supported
  2. Install patched _inmm.dll and open its main folder.
  3. Go to <path-to-game> and drag your game executable on _inmmconf.exe.
  4. Copy the newly created .exe back to the old position (backup and overwrite old one if needed)
  5. Open _inmmconf.exe and set DirectShow player for default file type in the method tab
  6. Add your previously ripped audio tracks in the _inmm.ini tab
  7. Press the save button and provide it your <path-to-game>


Further explanations are available on gemot encubed.

Other information


Technical specs Supported Notes
DirectDraw 3 WinQuake only.
OpenGL 1.0 GLQuake only.
Software renderer
Quake and WinQuake.
The vkQuake source port is required.
DOS video modes VGA, SVGA (VESA)
ExecutablePPC 32-bit 64-bitARM Notes
A source port is required for native 64-bit. See Source ports.
macOS (OS X)
A source port is required for OS X. See Source ports.
A source port is required for native non-32-bit. See Source ports.

Visual tweaks

These commands can be run from console or put into autoexec.cfg to be executed automatically at launch:

gl_texturemode gl_linear_mipmap_linear
Enables full trilinear texture filtering (default is bilinear). Can be further enhanced by anisotropic filtering.
gl_flashblend 0
Enables dynamic lighting for light sources, such as explosions (similar to Quake and WinQuake).
r_shadows 1
Enables shadows for characters and pick-ups.
r_novis 1
r_wateralpha (0.0 - 1.0)
These commands must be used together. The wateralpha decimal sets the opacity of fluid textures, where 0 means completely transparent.
r_mirroralpha (0.0 - 1.0)
Adds a mirror reflection to stained glass (as seen in the "Easy" starting hall). The mirrorralpha decimal sets the opacity of the glass, where 0 means completely reflective.

Quake and WinQuake[14]

d_subdiv16 0
Enables perspective-correct texture mapping. By default perspective correction is performed only every 16 pixels, which results in warped textures when viewed at sharp angles.

Installing and playing custom maps

Installing a custom map[citation needed]
  1. In the Id1 folder (located in the main Quake folder), create a folder named maps.
  2. Extract the map files (usually a BSP and a text file) from the compressed folder into the maps folder.


For maps requiring mods to function, create the maps folder inside the folder for the mod.
Running a custom map[citation needed]
  • Use the +map <name of the BSP file (excluding the extension)> command line argument.
  • Alternatively, the -map <name of the BSP file (excluding the extension)> command can be used in the in-game console (~).
    • Ex: +map jawbreak / -map jawbreak runs the Jawbreaker map by Matt Sefton

Installing and using mods

Mods are accessed via an amendment system, where you tell the engine where to look first for game data, and then it falls back to the default subfolder (id1) for the base game. The subfolder root for the mod will either have a progs.dat file, or a .pak or .pk3 file.

Installing a mod[citation needed]
  1. Extract the mod from the compressed folder.
    • If the mod does not come in a folder after extracting, create a new one and place all the mod files into it.
  2. Move the mod folder into <path-to-game>.
Running a mod[citation needed]


Most source ports provide bug fixes to the original Quake engine. Some of these fixes may break compatibility with certain mods, rendering them unplayable (unreachable items floating in the air, enemies falling out of the world, etc.).
Many modern mods for Quake require a source port to run, as they break the original engine limitations (larger maps, more enemies, more scripting commands, etc.).
Mod creators will state this requirement in the mod page or README file (if available).


Texture packs

List and discussions of additional graphical upgrades can be found here.

Transparent water

Use Vispatch (Mac version available here) to patch vanilla data (some mods already include said patches to data). Use the command r_wateralpha with any value below 1.0 to enable the effects. Note some engines won't remember this value and will require it to be added to the autoexec.cfg.

Colored lighting

This page includes downloads for .lit files, which enable Quake II-style colored lighting in compatible source ports. Put the .lit files in the applicable game's maps folder.

Lighting effects

This Program generates .lit and .dlit files, which contain colored light information to enable most modified Quake engines to display the classic Quake levels with colored lighting (.lit) and allows you to use bumpmapped/glossmapped wall textures without turning on realtime world lighting (.dlit).

The program only runs on Windows, though the files it generates can be copied to other platforms.

Sound packs

A sound pack for April Fools can be found here, though it does little more than distort the audio.


See SUPERHOT for details.

Team Fortress

Was originally a Quake mod.

X-Men: The Ravages of Apocalypse

Total conversion based on the animated X-Men TV series.

Small Mod compilation (SMC)

Adds an number of interesting changes to gameplay as well as small aesthetic ones, such as footstep sounds. See here for details.

Console commands

A complete list of console commands can be found on QuakeWiki. Note that not all of these may apply to all source ports.

System requirements

Minimum Recommended
Operating system (OS) 5.0
Processor (CPU) Intel 486 DX4 100 MHz
Intel Pentium 75 MHz
System memory (RAM) 8 MB
Hard disk drive (HDD) 80 MB
Video card (GPU) VGA
Mac OS
Operating system (OS) 7.1.2
Processor (CPU) PowerPC 601 60 MHz
System memory (RAM) 16 MB
Hard disk drive (HDD)
Minimum Recommended
Operating system (OS) 95
Processor (CPU) Intel 486 DX4 100 MHz
Intel Pentium 75 MHz
System memory (RAM) 16 MB
Hard disk drive (HDD) 80 MB
Video card (GPU) VGA (WinQuake)
OpenGL 1.0 compatible (GLQuake)
Operating system (OS) Kernel 2.0.x
Processor (CPU) Intel Pentium
System memory (RAM) 16 MB
Hard disk drive (HDD)


  1. Although the console command to enable anti-aliasing is vid_fsaa #, the anti-aliasing applied is only MSAA. This is particularly noticeable when coupled with gl_texturemode "gl_nearest_mipmap_linear".[5]
  2. The console command to enable 16x anisotropic filtering is gl_texture_anisotropy 16. Can be combined with gl_texturemode "gl_nearest_mipmap_linear".[5]
  3. The console command to disable the FPS cap is host_maxfps 0.[6]
  4. 4.0 4.1 When running this game without elevated privileges (Run as administrator option), write operations against a location below %PROGRAMFILES%, %PROGRAMDATA%, or %WINDIR% might be redirected to %LOCALAPPDATA%\VirtualStore on Windows Vista and later (more details).
  5. 5.0 5.1 File/folder structure within this directory reflects the path(s) listed for Windows and/or Steam game data (use Wine regedit to access Windows registry paths). Games with Steam Cloud support may store data in ~/.steam/steam/userdata/<user-id>/2310/ in addition to or instead of this directory. The app ID (2310) may differ in some cases. Treat backslashes as forward slashes. See the glossary page for details.
  6. The tracks linked here have been processed with de-emphasis and may sound duller than the composer's intentions.[9]